Recent News

(661) 336-9335

What is Domestic Violence?

Posted by Christopher Martens | Jan 30, 2024 | 0 Comments

What is Domestic Violence?

Domestic Violence is defined by statute in Bakersfield California by California Penal Code 243(e)(1) When a battery is committed against a spouse, a person with whom the defendant is cohabiting, a person who is the parent of the defendant's child, former spouse, fiancé, or fiancée, or a person with whom the defendant currently has, or has previously had, a dating or engagement relationship, the battery is punishable by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year, or by both that fine and imprisonment. If probation is granted, or the execution or imposition of the sentence is suspended, it shall be a condition thereof that the defendant participates in, for no less than one year, and complete, a batterer's treatment program, as described in Section 1203.097, or if none is available, another appropriate counseling program designated by the court.

This excerpt was also incorporated in the ‘Violence Against Women Act of 1994', by section 3a, included in the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005. It is also applicable for purposes in section 775 in subpart 17 of part D in chapter V of chapter 70, title 20, and section 1437F of subchapter I in chapter 8 in title 42, as well as the subchapter XII-H of chapter 46 of title 42 of the U.S. Code.

The OVW {Office on Violence Against Women) of the U.S. has defined domestic violence as an abusive behavior that exists in any intimate relationship and is exercised by one of the two partners in the relationship to gain or maintain power, as well as control over the other partner. According to the definition, domestic violence or acts involving physical and sexual abuse can take place with anyone irrespective of their age, race, religion, gender, and sexual orientation and it can take several forms, such as sexual, verbal, economic, physical, psychological, and emotional abuse.

The basic purpose of all types of domestic violence is to gain as well as maintain complete control over the victim. It gives the assaulter a certain sense of satisfaction and empowerment. The abusers exercise various tactics of exerting power over their victim who can be their partner, spouse, or just a date. Some of these tactics include intimidation, blame, denial, threats, isolation, and humiliation. The dynamics of domestic violence can include any or all of the following:

  • Situational Couple Domestic Violence: It occurs due to conflicts that quickly turn into violent arguments and are converted to violence. It is not normally associated with a control pattern and is the most commonly occurring form of intimate partner domestic violence. Both genders can be the abusers in this form. However, women normally incur more physical harm than men
  • Intimate Terrorism: It encompasses an ongoing control pattern that uses physical, emotional, and several other kinds of domestic abuse and Women are more frequently victimized by this type of violence. The definition of intimate terrorism was the initial definition of domestic violence as well, and it is normally exhibited by using the ‘Power and Control Wheel' to illustrate the various interrelated kinds of abuse.
  • Common Couple Violence: In this form, both partners are involved in inflicting domestic violence on one
  • MVC: MVC or mutual violent control is a very uncommon form of intimate partner/spouse violence that takes place when both partners in the relationship act with each other violently to gain complete control over the
  •  Controlling Behavior: This behavior encompasses several acts that are used to make one person in the relationship the subordinate of or completely dependent on the other This is done mostly by cutting them off completely from all resources of financial aid and support, exploiting all their resources or capacities for their gain, divesting them of all the means that are required for resistance, independence and escape, as well as regulating routine behavior.

  • Coercive Behavior: It is either just one act or a range of several acts of threats, assault, intimidation, or any other abuse that is exercised for punishing, frightening, or harming their victim.

  • Economic Domestic Violence: When you have money and are in a position to make decisions regarding it, but do not give your spouse control over it and make them financially dependent you are imposing economic domestic violence on

  • Spiritual Violence: If you don't allow your partner or spouse to have opinions regarding cultural beliefs, values, and religion and manipulate their spirituality, it is known as spiritual violence.

  • These were the common types of domestic violence and if anyone has been involved in relationships where their partner practiced any of these types with them, they were victimized by this heinous act. In addition to that, you should know the different situations where you tend to become violent but aren't viewed as domestic violators in the eyes of the law.

    Not a Parent, Cohabitant, or Spouse: If you were violent with someone, but are not the parent of that person's children, nor their former spouse, current spouse, cohabiting partner, or former cohabitant, then you won't be convicted of domestic violence; however, you might be charged with other crimes like assault using a harmful weapon or criminal

    No Traumatic State: If no injuries have been reported when you were arrested for domestic violence, then you can use that in your defense and are most likely to escape being convicted of this charge. Even if there are a few minor injuries, then too, there is a good chance you won't be guilty of domestic violence because minor injuries are normally not viewed as domestic violence and you can use this point as leverage for reducing your charges

About the Author

Christopher Martens

Bio Visalia and Bakersfield criminal defense attorney who has dedicated his life to helping those who have been accused of crimes or injured due to the negligence of others.


There are no comments for this post. Be the first and Add your Comment below.

Leave a Comment



Our Law Firm Is Here for You

We focus on Domestic Violence and Driving Under the influence and we are here to listen to you and help you navigate the legal system. Contact us today.